Keep some or all of the tangible collection and only work with new online depository material
Creating and Maintaining a Future Online Depository Collection
Envisioning the Future Online Collection
Before making changes, your library staff will benefit from brainstorming what the future collection will look like. This will ensure that the process proceeds smoothly, as transitioning often involves coordination among various library units.
Staff in various units may be involved in the following:
- Identify staff that work with the depository selection profile and update them on the processes to be followed.
- Discuss how the online only resources will be made available and visible to users: cataloging, online resource guides/Web pages, etc. Some questions to consider:
- Who are the staff that will be involved, what new workflows will be involved, and so on?
- Will the process be automated through vendor record services?
- Will a subject specialist review New Electronic Titles on a monthly basis for resources to copy catalog?
- Will the library’s item selection profile include online (EL) item numbers, or will the strategy employed to identify, incorporate, and maintain online resources in the collection not require selection of online item numbers?
- Discuss how access to tangible resources currently at the library will be provided if new tangible receipts are no longer received.
- Where will referrals go?
- What alternatives are available to provide access to material not available online?
- Will the library interlibrary loan tangible publications for their patrons?
- What resources are needed for researchers to use online resources? What computer equipment, network access, facilities, and assistance will be needed?
- What policies will need to be updated to reflect the change in format selection? Collection Development Policy? Public Access policy?
- How will public services staff be trained to locate and access online publications?
- Who will maintain and update library subject guides and finding aids?
- How will you communicate with other libraries and with patrons about the evolving content of the collection?
- Are other depository libraries relying on your tangible holdings?
A well planned transition involves appropriate staff working together to figure out what users need and the best strategies for implementation and development of an online collection. Transitioning to an online depository is not as simple as deselecting tangible format item numbers from your item selection profile. Careful planning and periodic review will ensure the collection is developed as needed. The development of an online collection is a continuous process requiring commitment and attention.
Considerations when Selecting Online (EL) Item Numbers
Online materials are not distributed, and there is no requirement for libraries to select them. However, there are several reasons to consider selecting online (EL) item numbers.
- Libraries can use online item numbers to facilitate receiving catalog records from a vendor. (Note: This is a requirement of the Cataloging Record Distribution Program)
- There are various tools that have been developed to help you understand your depository item selection profile in its regional and national context. GPO manages the Union List of Item Selections (UNION-L) to facilitate community-created tools such as Documents Data Miner 2 (DDM2). Data about item selections at the local, regional, and national level assist depository staff in efficiently developing their collections, while also determining the collection strengths of other depositories.
- Libraries may compare their selection profile with new online publications and their associated catalog records using the New Electronic Titles List (NET) in the CGP.
- Libraries that use their item selection profile in a manner that assists them in cataloging or otherwise identifying new online content are strongly encouraged to regularly review new EL item numbers listed in WEBTech Notes and add any that are deemed relevant to their selection profiles.
- The ability to view selection profiles helps other libraries in the FDLP understand your collection in relation to theirs.
Modifying the Existing Item Selection Profile
After brainstorming with your staff and sketching out what you want your online depository collection to look like by item number, you may opt to adjust your item selection profile accordingly.
- Examine your current selection profile in Item Lister, Depository Selection Information Management System (DSIMS), or in the non-GPO tool Documents Data Miner 2 (DDM2).
- Identify what is on your profile that is tangible (P, MF, DVD, CD, E, not specified), and flag item numbers for deselection
- Identify dual EL/tangible format item numbers and flag them for deselection
- Identify what EL item numbers need to be added to your selection profile using the List of Classes or DDM2.
- Inform other libraries that may be relying on your receipt and retention of particular titles of the change in formats.
- Log into DSIMS and deselect unwanted item numbers; add desired item numbers.
*All item number deselections and online (EL) item number additions take effect immediately.
Public Services Requirements
Depositories that no longer receive tangibles are still expected to meet public service requirements of the FDLP. The following requirements should be addressed:
- Access - bibliographic, physical building, onsite computer and Internet
- Equipment – public access to computers, sufficient computers, stable Internet service, printers, ability to download files to external storage devices
- Reference services, professional assistance, staff time
- Promotion / Visibility
- Access to electronic FDLP collections
- Access to the FDLP Basic Collection
- Indication of depository status on library Web site – FDLP emblem, statutory language, or other
Choosing How to Create an Online Collection
Libraries have options for how they decide to provide access to online Federal resources, and each option has benefits. It is up to the library to determine the best method for providing visibility and access to resources to its patrons. Libraries may choose to create an item selection profile to use in tandem with vendor services, copy catalog records from OCLC or the Catalog of U.S. Government Publications, or create online resources guides using LibGuides or other content management systems.
Maintaining the Online Collection
After adjusting your item selection profile, ongoing maintenance will be necessary to fully develop the online collection and ensure the appropriate resources are available, in a manner your patrons find usable, and that staff are trained on them.
- If applicable, update the library’s catalog record profile with a bibliographic record vendor so the records received reflect the library’s selection profile.
- Review WEBTech Notes for new item numbers and add appropriate item numbers to your selection profile.
- Reevaluate workflow processes with staff to assess if adjustments need to be made.
- Evaluate statistics needed to gauge online resource usage, and how to best gather such data.
- Keep online resources linked to and/or cataloged up-to-date.
- Conduct outreach or promotion with subject specialists and other interested parties to inform them of the availability of resources, how to find them, where to get help in using them, etc.
- Assess training needs of staff who use or teach online resources. Where, through who, and when is training available?
- Maintain the visibility of the online resources, periodically posting on library social media, etc.
Evaluating Your Current Tangible Holdings
When moving forward with the development of an online depository collection, your library will also need to address the existing tangible holdings in the library. There are 3 options:
- Keep all tangible depository material
- Weed portions of the depository collection
- Weed all of the depository collection
The information below details considerations a library should take when keeping all or portions of the tangible collection.
Envisioning the Future of Your Tangible Holdings
To address the existing tangible collection held in your library, here are some questions to consider.
- Working with subject specialists, identify:
- What are the projected future needs of the institution? What information resources are critical to the mission of the institution?
- What are the needs of the state or region?
- What material needs to remain in a tangible format, if any?
- For what resources will the online format suffice?
- What online resources are available (pay close attention to the date range)?
- If needed material is not available online, what will be done with the tangible format?
- How ‘official’ does the online resource have to be? For example, GovInfo (fully authenticated on a government site) versus credible content on an institution’s Web site, but whose continuation is not guaranteed?
- Identify what tangible holdings will be replaced with online resources.
Weeding and Substituting Material (Optional)
Should your library opt to withdraw all or portions of your tangible depository collection, you should:
- Identify all tangible Federal depository resources in the library’s collections. Review holdings in all potential housing locations, including any selective housing sites and offsite storage facilities.
- Dissolve official Selective Housing Agreements, as appropriate.
- Consult with your regional depository about the general process to be followed.
- Identify material that has been superseded and remove it from the collection.
- Per regional instructions:
- Prepare withdrawal list (for material over 5 years old).
- Prepare Official Substitution List (for material older than one year), if appropriate.
- Withdraw material remaining from the above lists after the weeding/discard process is complete and regional approval has been received.
- Remove holdings from the catalog and/or shelflist as appropriate.
- Consider offering major withdrawn publications through the National Needs & Offers List, a voluntary service.
Maintaining a Historical Tangible Collection
- Maintaining a historical tangible collection requires continuing consideration and maintenance, as well as providing access and reference services for the materials.
- Examine the collection and its usage (analyze formats, subjects, and trends in usage) periodically. If the library is actively collecting depository material to fill in gaps in the collection or to strengthen an area of the collection, this should be reflected in a collection development policy. If cooperative collection development arrangements are in place, they should be documented.
- The collection must have bibliographic control. This might be an online catalog, an in-house inventory or database, or a shelflist. Questions to consider include:
- If using an online catalog, is the material identified as depository material for potential future weeding?
- If using a shelflist, is it updated? How will patrons know of the existence of the shelflist and how to use it?
- If using an in-house inventory or database, how will patrons know of its existence and how to use it?
- Is it possible to retrospectively catalog the collection for greater visibility and use?
- Consider the maintenance of the collection. This might include: preservation practices, shelving and housing options, helpful signage and arrangement, shelf reading.
- In the future, if you decide to weed the tangible historical collection, most cases require permission from the regional depository library. See the “Weeding and Substituting Material (Optional)” section above.
- Libraries may have Selective Housing Agreements (SHA) in place or may wish to create them. A SHA is necessary when depository materials are stored in a location outside the purview of the depository library’s director.
Regardless of whether your library opts to retain or weed portions of its older material and whether it opts to work with online formats for new material, the core tenet of participation in the FDLP remains the same – to Keep America Informed. We hope we’ve given you some constructive ways of approaching a major collection and services provision review. At the outset, having a good understanding of the local factors impacting your library operation, and a clear vision and goals for the collection, will help library staff successfully manage to steer the depository collection in its intended direction. Careful planning for the future workload will ensure the collection remains vital and relevant to library users now and in the future.
It may also be helpful to view the short webcast, Moving to a Mostly Online or All Online Depository.
Contact GPO for Assistance
At any time, remember that you can contact LSCM’s Office of Outreach & Support for consultation or assistance.
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